What are abnormal heart rhythms?
Heart & Rhythm treats patients with abnormal heart rhythms. An abnormal heartbeat is known as arrhythmia and can have many causes and symptoms, some of which are completely normal. Causes range from a normal, healthy heart to coronary heart disease. The treatments we offer may include medication, implanted devices, medical procedures, and monitoring.
- Coronary artery disease
- Electrolyte imbalances in your blood
- Changes in your heart muscle
- Injury from a heart attack
- Healing process after heart surgery
- Irregular heart rhythms can also occur in “normal, healthy” hearts
Symptoms of an abnormal heart rhythm:
- Palpitations (thumping or fluttering in your chest)
- Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
- Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
- Chest pain
- Shortness or loss of breath
- Lightheadedness or dizziness
- Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
- Palpitations (a thumping or fluttering sensation in your chest)
- Feeling tired
Treatments performed at Heart and Rhythm:
- Medications, from supplements to anti-arrhythmic drugs
- Medical procedure
- Cardioversion: Cardioversion restores the heart to a normal rhythm using external electric shocks. You may recognize the term, “defibrillation’, which is cardioversion done in an emergency to prevent death from sudden cardiac arrest.
- Radiofrequency ablation: This procedure is used to reduce pain. Pain signals are decreased in small areas of nerve tissue, which are heated up using an electrical current produced by a radio wave.
- Devices: Implantable devices, such as the pacemaker and the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), are used to control the heart’s rhythm.
- Supportive care: Heart rhythms can be monitored using an electronic device.
There are four primary types of arrhythmia:
- Premature (Extra) Beats: These are extra, abnormal heartbeats and begin in one of the heart’s two lower chambers.
- Supraventricular Arrhythmias is caused by the disruption of normal electrical pulses in the heart which results in rapid heartbeat.
- Ventricular Arrhythmias, a condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) beat very quickly.
- Bradyarrhythmias: This is due the cardiac conduction system having a dysfunction, causing the heart to have a ventricular rate of less than 60 beats per minute (bpm).
If you have more question about arrhythmia and your heart, please set an appointment with our team.